Botox is the brand name of a diluted and purified form of the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum. Direct injections into specific muscles can disrupt the nerve impulses, causing a relaxing effect that reduces the look of wrinkles or treats a variety of medical conditions. COSMETIC USES for Botox: Botox is most often used cosmetically to reduce the look of expression lines like forehead lines, crows' feet, or frown lines. Botox smoothes out these expression lines, creating a more youthful appearance that will appear within a week after the first injection and last for up to four months. Botox does not affect all types of wrinkles, so a consultation is essential prior to injections. Botox works best to ease the signs of aging caused by expression lines. It will not affect wrinkles caused by sun damage, smoking, or sagging skin related to gravity or weight loss. NERVOUS SYSTEM APPLICATION: Botox is also used to treat eyelid spasms, which can be both cosmetically distressing as well as create a situation in which it vision is constantly disrupted due to the frequent blinking. Botox eases the spasms, improving the sufferer's vision. Muscle spasms such as Cervical dystonia (neck spasms) can be a good application for Botox. CD can cause a person's neck to spasm uncontrollably, leading to chronically awkward and uncomfortable positioning of the neck and head. Botox injected directly into the neck muscles can ease the painful spasms for up to three months. Botox can also relieve crossed eyes, another condition caused by excessively tight muscles. SWEATING: Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) has been successfully treated with Botox as well. Sweating is caused by overactive nerves over stimulating the sweat glands. Botox can impede the nerve pulses and reduce sweating. Botox works to block the chemical impulses from the nerves, and the results can last nearly 7 months. MIGRAINES: Botox has recently been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat chronic migraines. The doctor may use as many as 30 injections around the patients head and neck region to reduce migraine pain, lowering the number of migraines by as much as 50% and providing comfort for as long as 3 months. SIDE EFFECTS: Botox when used as directed is generally considered to be very safe. The most common side effect of Botox injections is temporary bruising at the injection site. Some side effects can include dry mouth, some sensitivity at the injection site, headache, vision issues, fatigue and neck pain. A loss of voice or inability to speak clearly, a loss of bladder control, double vision, body-wide weakness, or difficulty breathing or swallowing may be a sign of botulism. Any of these symptoms requires immediate medical attention. About the Author: The Smart Lipo Center of Ohio offers Botox and many other cosmetic procedures. Considered one of the best clinics in Ohio, The Smart Lipo Center attracts clients from Dayton, Cincinnita and Columbus.